What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the intestines. It causes abdominal pain, cramping or bloating, and diarrhea and/or constipation. The symptoms can differ from day to day. The causes of the condition often vary between different people, and doctors have not yet found conclusive evidence of a specific cause of the disorder. IBS can be the result of issues with the way signals are sent between the digestive tract and the brain, problems digesting particular foods, and stress or anxiety. Those with IBS might also have uniquely sensitive intestines or problems with intestinal muscle movement. In some cases, particular foods, stress, hormonal changes, and certain antibiotics can trigger discomfort and symptoms. IBS is a chronic condition. However, there are many treatment options and dietary advice, which can help a person to find relief.
What Symptoms Are Associated With Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by pain in the abdomen and changes to a person’s bowel movement. The pain is usually described as cramping, and some patients find relief after a bowel movement. The frequency and appearance of your bowel movements may also change. Patients often experience constipation and diarrhea as well as bloating. Some notice whitish mucus in their stool. Irritable bowel syndrome is more common in women, and they often notice a peak in symptoms during their menstrual periods.
How Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treated?
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is treated with a combination of diet, medicines, and supplements including probiotics to manage the symptoms. The doctors at Gastroenterology of Westchester work closely with their patients to customize care to address the specific needs of each patient and provide regular checkups to ensure that the treatment plan is working, adjusting as necessary. The doctors may prescribe medicines including laxatives to address constipation, loperamide to reduce diarrhea, antispasmodics to control abdominal muscle spasm, or antibiotics to reduce bloating. They may also suggest dietary changes to remove foods that trigger symptoms from your diet. Some patients find relief with probiotics to manage the bacteria in the gut.